Water damage comes in many shapes and forms, and can leave lasting damage not to only your property but your quality of life as well, if not managed correctly. One of many first steps to relieving your property of potential water damage is to ascertain what kind of water damage you are dealing with. In line with the Institute of Inspection Cleaning and Restoration Certification (IICRC) there are three types of water damage, that they outline in their Standard and Reference Guide for Professional Water Damage Restoration (the S500). Water damage is categorized by its source, amount of time in the structure, history of the structure, and other impactful factors like chemicals such as for example pesticides, fertilizers, animal feces, fuel, detergents, rat poison, etc.
The initial kind of water damage they outline is Category 1, which include burst water pipes, leaking appliances, and small levels of rainwater. The defining characteristic of Category 1 water is that it is clean at the source, and therefore doesn’t pose a hazard if consumed by people. Category 1 water requires much less equipment and time to remedy.
Types of Category 1 water damage include, but aren’t restricted to burst water pipes, failed supply lines on appliances, falling rainwater, melting snow or ice, broken toilet tanks, or toilet bowl over flow that does not contain any contaminants. While this kind of water damage is certainly not hazardous, if it’s not managed it could turn to category 2 within 24 hours. The period period might be sped up if the best conditions for microorganism growth exist such as for example stagnant air, humidity, and moderate temperatures (68-86 degrees Fahrenheit).
Category 2 water damage, or gray water, is characterized by you start with some number of contamination at the source, or Category 1 water that has been neglected as mentioned before. This type of water damage is moderately dangerous, and might cause some extent of sickness or discomfort for individuals or animals if exposed.
The most frequent types of Category 2 water damage are discharge from washing machines or dishwashers, toilet flow overflow with urine but no feces, sump pump back-up, hydrostatic pressure seepage, washer overflow, broken aquariums, and puncture water beds. These cases of water damage may contain chemicals, bio-contaminants, and other styles of contamination which can be hazardous to human health. Health effects are as follows: allergic asthma, allergic rhinitis, hypersensitivity pneumonitis (lung tissue inflammation), burning eyes, skin irritation, inflammatory response, nausea, headache, and fever. Again, time and conducive temperatures permit deterioration to a Category 3 within 48 hours.
The ultimate and most dangerous kind of water damage is Category 3, or black water. Black water is highly contaminated, contains pathogens, and could cause serious illness or even death in extreme conditions. Any person with a poor immune system, respiratory illness, allergies, or small children should remain away from the structure for the duration of the infection and clean-up.
Samples of this kind of damage include sewage, ground surface water intrusion, toilet backflow from beyond the trap, and flooding sweater/rivers/streams that have entered the premises. Flooding water brings in silt and other organic matter water damage restoration companies, that could curently have bacteria growing inside, and resting stagnant in your home is only going to provide a more suitable environment by which microorganisms can grow. Negative health effects from black water are numerous, and include bacterial infections from E. coli, salmonella, and shigella, soil organisms like Streptomyces, saccharopolyspora, thermonospora, viruses like rotavirus, hepatitis, and echovirus, and even parasites such as for example giardia, cryptosporidium, and others. In any situation, black water is extremely serious and must be managed immediately.
Besides categories of water damage, there’s also 4 classes per the IICRC. Water damage is split into class based on the rate of evaporation required. Often the kind of material that has been affected could be the determining factor.
The water loss has been restricted to just a partial room area, and the materials effected are of low porosity (water is retained on the surface). There’s minimum wet carpet or cushion.
The whole room is affected, along with the carpet and cushion. Water has wicked up the walls 1-2 feet. Moisture remains in the structure of the building.
The slowest evaporation rate and water may attended from above. Ceilings, walls, carpet, cushion, and sub-floor is all saturated, and will demand ample time to dry.
Class 4 comprises wet materials with low porosity or permeation such as for example hardwood, concrete, stone, brick, or plaster. Water has formed deep pockets of saturation and will demand special equipment that creates an environment of suprisingly low humidity.
As you can see, water damage is a very serious matter. If not managed immediately, the negative health effects are numerous. If your house and other property has been suffering from any kind of water mentioned or not stated earlier, I suggest calling a specialist restoration company ASAP. They’ll know exactly what things to do.