Breast cancer is one of many widely covered cancers in media round the world. In reality the majority of us have discovered about any of it through advertisements and awareness programs, run by international health organizations, NGOs, and governing bodies, on different communication platforms. But, does everyone find out about breast cancer and its risk factors, let aside the available treatments and tests? The answer is “no.” These awareness programs have now been going on for decades on national and international levels now, but still there are millions of people all over the world who’re clueless about the disease, doubtful over the right measures, surrounded by myths. Many, including those who know a little about the disease, still shake their heads in disbelief when told that men also can develop breast cancer. This is perhaps why it is important we all are well- informed on the disease and its treatment, causes, risk factors and cure.
What is Breast Cancer?
Simply, cancer can be defined as a condition when cells in the body multiply abnormally and don’t behave like normal cells. Each cell in our body has best hospital for breast cancer in Hyderabad an absolute life, and when body cells don’t complete their life-cycles and don’t die in due course, they might multiply infinitesimally and causes the surrounding cells to reflect the exact same, leading to the forming of an abnormal growth of mass, cancer (or tumor), which can affect the way surrounding organs function and cause life-threatening complications.
To master about breast cancer, we should have an idea of the general anatomy of breasts. Breasts have milk-producing glands included; these glands are linked to skin at nipples through narrow ducts. The tissues round the ducts and glands are typically comprised of fat. The remaining breasts contains blood vessels, nerves, and lymphatic channels. Lymphatic channels are connect lymph nodes, which are present all across the human body and, at an advance stage of cancer, serve as carriers of malignant cells and cause the cancer to spread to the other parts of body.
When malignant (cancerous, tumor) cells are found in one of many breasts or both, the problem is known as breast cancer. On the basis of the spread of the cancerous cells, a cancer specialist decides upon the stage of the cancer. Typically, breast cancer might have 5 stages, namely, Stage 0, Stage 1, Stage 2 (2A, 2B), Stage 3 (3A, 3 B, 3C), and Stage 4. Early stage or 0 stage of cancer is once the disease has not invaded surrounding breast tissues yet and located inside the breast. At stage 1, cancer is less than 2 centimeters in size and partially spread to lymph nodes in the underarms. Stage 2A is when tumor is less than 2 cm, with 2mm penetration in lymph nodes in the underarm or when it’s more than 2cm in size (and less than 5cm) without any penetration in lymph nodes. Stage 2B is when tumor in breast in more than 5cm or when it more than 2cm (and less than 5cm), but with penetration in lymph nodes. Stage 3 and above are referred to as advanced stages of breast cancer and on all cases tumors are usually more than 5cm and spread across other areas of body as well.
In its last stage, that will be stage 4, cancer has recently spread through the other organs of the human body, such as for instance, bones, lungs, lever, and brain. Breast cancer spreads across the other organs of the human body through lymph nodes, which may also be found in various organs in the body and are interconnected through the lymphatic system.
What Causes Breast Cancer?
So, what is it that triggers breast cancer? What are the risk factors? The answer is there are no definite causes of breast cancer as a result; the risk factors include advancing age and family history of the cancer. Obesity can be one of many risk factors along side regular alcohol use and late marriage. Anyone whose family unit members have now been identified as having breast cancer previously is 2-3 times more likely to develop it. Most women develop breast cancer after 50 or menopause.
What Reduces Risk?
Researchers have found that regular physical activity and exercise can reduce the risk of breast cancer by half. Exercise also can help overcome the aftermaths of the disease and improves standard of living of people with breast cancer. Poor diet and alcohol consumption may also be common risk factors as they are directly associated with obesity. The best way to prevent it’s to get the breasts examined regularly with a specialist, especially after 30, and get them checked each time a lump is found in one of many breasts.
Annual or biannual mammogram tests can detect cancer in breasts early, when it could be cured easily or removed even before it starts to develop inside the breasts. It is, therefore, advised all women obtain breasts examined by their doctors regularly, especially feamales in their thirties and older. Rarely, there’s a chance cancer runs in the household where case genetic testing is required to check whether a member of family will develop the cancer or not in her lifetime. Nevertheless, it is important to understand that not totally all lumps in breasts are tumors or cause harm, but it’s equally important to get them examined with a specialist. Typically lumps are not cancerous, but it’s difficult to tell what’s tumor and what’s not without professional supervision. When one is tested positive, some other tests follow to ascertain the possibility of cancer. One may be asked to have a biopsy test, during which tissues from breasts are examined to tell the possibility of cancer. There are several options for treatment available even when one is available positive. Specialists decide upon the most effective option based on their investigations and the spread of cancer in the body.
People must not fear going for their doctor and getting themselves examined for the fear of being tested positive for breast cancer. Tests and examinations don’t guarantee the presence of cancer; on the contrary, these often cancel the possibility of cancer. A lot of the times people are tested negative. So, you ought to not fear tests, mammograms, or biopsy tests, get oneself checked and live freely.